For the third year in a row, a majority of Marylanders say they support most state climate and energy policies, including expanding government-backed incentives for energy-efficiency programs and mandating energy suppliers to meet the current target for renewable energy, according to a new survey.
About two-thirds of Marylanders also say the state should renew the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act, the state's framework for addressing the impacts of climate change. This law to renew Maryland guides a broad array of state climate, energy and health policies that will result in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (the pollution that causes climate change) by 25 percent by 2020 and is up for review by the General Assembly in 2016.
The survey by George Mason University and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health was mailed to more than 6,400 households in Maryland. Its release coincides with an upcoming progress report by the Maryland Department of the Environment expected to show that the state is on track to meet its 2020 pollution-reduction goal.
Other key findings include:
Marylanders say aspects of their coastal heritage and natural resources are among the most likely to be harmed from climate change.
- At the top of the list of community resources that Marylanders expect to suffer from climate change in the next several years are aspects of the state's coastal heritage: aquatic life, such as crabs and fish (62%); the Chesapeake Bay (58%); coastlines (54%); and the fishing/seafood industry (53%).
- More than two-thirds of residents say state and local governments should take action to protect communities from climate change (71%).
Residents say they are vulnerable to the health effects of climate change.
- Roughly 7 in 10 Marylanders say they (72%), people in their households (68%) and those in their communities (69%) are vulnerable to the potential health impacts of climate change.
- More than two-thirds of Marylanders say that climate change is affecting people's health, already harming them (67%), their community (67%) and people in Maryland (68%).
- Many respondents identified direct and indirect effects of climate change as personal health threats as well, such as heat waves (53%), polluted water (71%), infectious diseases (74%) and air pollution (82%).
Renewable energy is increasingly favored with residents willing to pay a premium.
- A majority of the state does not want to pay more each month on their electricity bill for coal, nuclear and natural gas-powered electricity, but they are willing to pay more for wind (67%) and solar (68%).
- Between 2013 and 2015 there was an increase of 16 percentage points - from 47% to 63% - in the number of people who said there should be much more solar energy produced. There was also an increase of 19 percentage points of people who said that much more wind energy should be produced, a shift from 36 percent to 55 percent.
The support for renewables is consistent across all regions of the state with a majority willing to pay more for solar and wind from the four westernmost counties (wind - 63%; solar - 64%) to the Eastern Shore (wind - 65%; solar - 66%).
November 01, 2015